Eritrea ranks 182 in human development index
Each year the UN Development Programme (UNDP) compiles a human development report applying an human development index (HDI), which ranks human wellbeing by measuring inequality, education, life expectancy and income.
According to the report levels in human development continue to rise – yet the pace has slowed for all regions and progress has been highly uneven. The lower human development groups appear to be improving at a higher rate – grounds for optimism that the gap between higher and lower human development groups is narrowing.
Zimbabwe, for example, experienced the biggest improvement in HDI due to a significant increase in life expectancy – 1.8 years from 2012 to 2013, almost quadruple the average global increase.
Meanwhile, the rankings remain unchanged at both ends of the HDI. Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Netherlands and United States remain in the lead for another year, while Sierra Leone, Chad, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Niger continue to rank bottom of the list.
Eritrea is listed one point ahead of Sierra Leone ranking number 182 out of 187 countries keeping the same position as in 2012. Neighboring countries like Ethiopia, Djibouti and Sudan rank 173, 170 and 166 respectively. The report also mentions Eritrea in regards to migration and the death of 300 Eritrean refugees in Lampedusa.
Despite overall gains in human development, progress in all regions decelerated over 2008–2013 compared to 2000–2008. In the Arab States, Asia and the Pacific region, and Latin America and the Caribbean, average annual growth rate in HDI dropped by about half when comparing these periods.
The steepest declines in HDI values this year occurred in Central African Republic, Libya and Syria, where ongoing conflict contributed to a drop in incomes.
This year’s Report presents HDI values for 187 countries, and is the first index to use the latest International Comparison Program’s conversion rates of national currencies to purchasing power parity, released by the World Bank in May 2014.