Ethiopian troops need a mandate
Nairobi – A Somali government spokesperson on Monday denied that Ethiopian troops have entered Somalia to help fight insurgents despite several witnesses reporting the movement of troops.
Abdirahman Omar Osman said Ethiopian troops would only be welcome if they had an international mandate or a bilateral agreement with the Somali government, but there is currently no such agreement.
“We believe that they are not in the country,” he said “We deny it.”
But residents of the Somali town of Guriel, about 80km from the border, said Ethiopians entered their town on Sunday in a convoy of vehicles.
The presence of Ethiopia is a delicate matter for the Somali government, which needs all the help it can get to defeat the al-Qaeda-linked al-Shabaab militia.
The Ethiopians could open a third front, stretching the insurgency still further. But the government fears that the incursion by Ethiopia – a Christian-led nation – may hand the insurgents a propaganda victory. Many Somalis were angered by Ethiopia’s previous occupation of Somalia.
“We don’t want anyone that could give propaganda for al-Shabaab,” said Osman. “We don’t want any backlash.”
The government currently only holds the capital with the help of more than 9 000 African Union peacekeepers. Kenyan troops in the south are slowly pushing the insurgents north with the help of government-allied Somali militias but are considered less battle-hardened than the Ethiopian military, which occupied much of Somalia for two years.
Ethiopia, which shares a long and porous border with Somalia, entered Somalia in 2006 to chase the Islamic Courts Union from power. The Ethiopians were concerned that the Islamists wanted to expand into Ethiopian territory that is ethnically Somali and the US, a strong ally of Ethiopia, was concerned the Islamists were harbouring terrorists.
The Ethiopian invasion turned into a two-year occupation during which civilians accused the Ethiopian forces of shelling residential neighbourhoods and shooting uncontrollably when attacked. The current Somali president, President Sheik Sharif Sheik Ahmed, made his name as an insurgent leader fighting the Ethiopians before they withdrew.
The Ethiopians left in 2009 as part of a peace deal that saw Ahmed inaugurated.
Somalia has not had a functioning government for more than 20 years.