Press Release: Communiqué of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU) at its 345th meeting
The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 345th meeting held on 6 December 2012, adopted the following decision on the situation in the Central African Republic (CAR):
1. Takes note of the Report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the situation in the CAR [PSC/PR/2(CCCXLV)] and the presentations made by the AU Special Representative in the CAR, as well as the statements by the Permanent Representative of the CAR to the AU, and the representatives of the United Nations and the European Union (EU);
2. Recalls communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.1(CCLV), adopted at its 255th meeting held on 23 December 2010 ;
3. Welcomes the progress made in the CAR, particularly the initiatives taken to promote dialogue among all the political and social stakeholders, the efforts made to further security and implement the different Agreements concluded with the political and military groups active on the ground, including as regards Disarmament, Demoblisation and Reinsertion (DDR), the measures taken to facilitate the reactivation of the national economy and the fight against poverty;
4. Stresses that, in spite of the progress made, the CAR continues to face many political, security, socio-economic and humanitarian challenges. In this regard, Council encourages the Central African Government to persevere in its efforts, particularly the promotion of dialogue, the implementation of the DDR programme within the framework of the Agreements signed with the political and military groups, strengthening of the capacity of the Defence and Security Forces, including the effective implementation of the Security Sector Reform, the continuation and deepening of the reforms initiated in the socio-economic field and the improvement of governance;
5. Calls on the relevant authorities in CAR to conclude the electoral code, on the basis of the consensus arrived at by the Central African parties, and pave the way for its speedy adoption by Parliament;
6. Warns all those bent on undermining the process of consolidating peace, security and stability in CAR, and stresses that they will be held accountable. In this regard, Council requests the Commission to submit to it recommendations on sanctions against political and military groups and other elements that are hindering efforts to restore security and are involved in abuses against the civilian population and other violations of international humanitarian law;
7. Commends the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), the EU, the United Nations Integrated Office in the CAR (BINUCA) and all the bilateral and multilateral partners for their support to CAR, and urges them to pursue and intensify their efforts. Council, once again, urges the Members States, particularly within the framework of the African Solidarity Initiative (ASI), launched by the Commission in July 2012, to contribute actively to the post-conflict reconstruction and development process in the CAR. In this regard, Council requests the Commission to take all the necessary measures to strengthen its advocacy efforts in favor of the CAR;
8. Expresses its appreciation to the ECCAS Peace Consolidation Mission in CAR (MICOPAX) for the crucial role it plays in the stabilization process of the country, and takes note of the fact that MICOPAX will disengage from CAR on 31 December 2013. In this regard, Council requests the Commission to initiate the necessary consultations with the CAR, ECCAS, the EU, the United Nations and the bilateral partners concerned, with a view to submitting to it, within a period of three months, recommendations on the modalities for an appropriate support to the Central African authorities in the field of security, taking into account the present capabilities of the CAR Defense and Security Forces;
9. Encourages the Commission to pursue the efforts made in support of the stabilization of the CAR and the post-conflict reconstruction development process in the country, particularly within the framework of the ASI, the Regional Cooperation Initiative for the Elimination of the LRA (RCI-LRA) and the joint AU-World Bank support programme in the field of DDR. In this regard, Council requests the Commission to adjust, as necessary, the mandate of the Liaison Office in the CAR;
10. Decides to remain actively seized of the situation and to review it every six months on the basis of progress reports to be submitted by the Chairperson of the Commission.
Foreign Minister Westerwelle on Egypt: differences should be reconciled through dialogueFriday, December 07, 2012 12:00 AMBERLIN, Germany, December 7, 2012/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Concerning the situation in Egypt, Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle issued the following statement in Berlin today (6 December):
I am deeply shocked by the news from Cairo. Violence has no place in domestic political disputes. I call on all sides to let prudence and reason prevail.
The constitutional process should serve to bring together the Egyptian people, to unite Egypt. Increasingly, however, we are seeing that this process is accompanied by social and political divide. This causes us great concern.
The political differences in Egypt must be resolved through dialogue. We call on everyone involved to enter into a dialogue and work towards a political solution so that this dispute can be overcome.
What Egypt needs now is for the rule of law to be upheld and all sectors of society to be included in politics.
CAS Registers 70 Millionth Substance Just 18 Months After Reaching 60 Millionth Milestone – Patents from Asian countries continue to be the leading source of chemistry disclosuresThursday, December 06, 2012 11:45 PMCOLUMBUS, Ohio, Dec. 7, 2012 /PRNewswire via African Press Organization (APO)/ — Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), the world’s authority for chemical information, announced today a major milestone for the CAS REGISTRY(SM), the largest collection of publicly disclosed chemical substance information. CAS scientists registered the 70 millionth substance from a patent application submitted to the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO).
The 70 millionth substance is a potential T-type calcium channel blocker discovered at the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), a multidisciplinary research institute in Seoul, South Korea. Assigned CAS Registry Number® 1411769-41-9, the substance is one of several pyrazolyl-piperazine compounds disclosed in the patent application published by KIPO on November 14, 2012. This molecule may be useful in the treatment of epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, dementia and other conditions.
“It’s exciting that this milestone was realized with a substance from a Korean patent considering our earlier reports that Asian scientists are disclosing more chemical research in patents,” said Christine McCue, vice president of marketing at CAS. “This year alone, 63 percent of all chemical patents covered by CAS originated in Asia. Our team of scientists analyzes documents in more than 50 languages, including more than 20 Asian languages, and is uniquely qualified to uncover important chemistry patented by scientists worldwide.”
Similar to the 60 millionth substance registered in May 2011, the 70 millionth substance again reflects the value of patents as an important source of chemical information. In fact, more than 70 percent of new substances from the literature registered in 2012 originated from patents. To ensure the completeness and quality of the CAS premier substance collection, CAS scientists analyze, organize and curate chemistry in patents from 63 patent authorities around the world, far more than any other service.
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), a division of the American Chemical Society, is the world’s authority for chemical information. CAS is the only organization in the world whose objective is to find, collect and organize all publicly disclosed chemical substance information. A team of scientists worldwide curates and controls the quality of our databases, which are recognized as the most comprehensive and authoritative by chemical and pharmaceutical companies, universities, government organizations and patent offices around the world. By combining these databases with advanced search and analysis technologies (SciFinder® and STN®), CAS delivers the most current, complete, secure and interlinked digital information environment for scientific discovery. Learn more at www.cas.org.
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